The atomic bomb
If you’re a Spongebob fan like yours truly….you must have noticed in a few scenes when a huge blast occurs with a mushroom looking cloud
Well that”s what we call Nuclear detonation, created often by nuclear bombs.
But what is a nuclear bomb?
A nuclear bomb is a weapon of mass destruction created by nuclear physicists in a laboratory in Berlin in 1938 developed during the World War II
The development of nuclear technology lead to the creation of atomic bombs, but since it’s creation it has only been used twice by the united states against japan at the end of World War II.
They are various types of nuclear bombs but i’m going to be focusing on just two. The “Atomic bomb” and the “Hydrogen bomb”
The atomic bomb
The atomic bomb was created by Oppenheimer the head of the Los Alamas laboratory in July 16, 1945. It is produced by nuclear fission
A kind of process whereby the nucleus of the atom is split into smaller fragments by a neutron with ( uranium-235, uranium-233 ) or plutonium.
When a single free neutron strikes the nucleus of an atom of radioactive material like uranium or plutonium, it knocks two or three more neutrons free.
This whole process is instantaneous and emits an enormous amount of energy which interacts with the atmosphere with a shock wave which expands spherically from the center.
The next big guy on the list is the Hydrogen Bomb
The hydrogen bomb uses nuclear fusion for its detonation
Nuclear fusion is a reaction which release atomic energy by the union of light nuclei at high temperature to form heavier atoms.
Hydrogen bombs have a much more destructive force compared to that of the atomic bomb, it was Edward Teller who invented the hydrogen bomb in 1951.
It’s first test was at Eniwetok in the Marshall islands and due to the high temperatures required to initiate a nuclear fussion reaction
The process is often referred to as a thermonuclear explosion.
The Soviet RDS-202 hydrogen bomb (code name Ivan or Vanya), known by Western nations as Tsar Bomba (Russian: Царь-бо́мба, tr. Tsar’-bómba, IPA: [t͡sarʲ ˈbombə], lit. ‘Tsar bomb’), was the most powerful nuclear weapon ever created.
Radiation from nuclear weapons
5% of the energy released during a nuclear denotation is in the form of ionizing radiation moving at speeds up to the speed of light.
All of the various radiation particles which include; Gamma, neutron and ionizing radiation are harmful to humans at certain levels
These particles are not only emitted at the time of the denotation but also for long periods after.
Nuclear radiation, specifically ionizing radiation affects the human body by weakening the DNA either damaging cells enough to kill them or causing mutations which lead to cancer and then death.